Flaming of pottery

Intangible cultural heritage in the Austrian UNESCO-list

Flaming of pottery

05 May 2021

The traditional craftsmanship from Gmunden: Flaming of pottery was included in the national list of intangible cultural heritage in Austria in May 2021.

Definition of term

A wide range of practised traditions are documented and protected globally by UNESCO under the term “intangible cultural heritage” since 2003. Be it performing arts, customs, festivals, knowledge of nature or craftsmanship – all forms of intangible cultural heritage are always carried by human knowledge and ability, as well as a wide range of skills. By making visible customs and practices, a new understanding for regional distinctions develops, and a valuable contribution to their preservation is made.

Traditional craftsmanship

Flaming of pottery

The flaming of pottery denotes the application of a recognisable pattern on ceramic parts. First finds of white-blue coloured pottery in the area around Gmunden date back to the year 1600, from which the typical decoration technique, the “flamed” or “Gmundner crockery” developed. The craftsmanship of flaming takes about two years to learn, focusing on sustainable and local production. Typical patterns include ribbons or loops, in stripes, waves or arches. The green banding combined with the white blazing foundation forms the typical “green-flamed”, which is applied onto the crockery and decorative items.

Get to know the practitioners of the craftsmanship

The flamers

Interesting facts about flaming